Factors Contributing to Abnormal Bleeding

It can be scary to see blood when you are not expecting it or to experience bleeding that is heavier, lighter, or more frequent than usual. Abnormal bleeding can be due to several reasons, ranging from hormonal imbalances to underlying medical conditions. Whether you are dealing with abnormal bleeding for the first time or have been struggling with it for some time, Dr. Leela Patel South Charleston can help you identify the cause and recommend the appropriate treatment. The following are potential causes of abnormal bleeding:

Ovulation problems

Ovulation is when a mature egg moves from the ovary and travels down the fallopian tube, ready for fertilization. If you do not ovulate regularly, you may experience irregular menstrual periods, heavy or prolonged bleeding, or spotting between periods. Ovulation problems can be due to hormonal imbalances, stress, weight fluctuations, thyroid disorders, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). If you have issues with the frequency of your menstrual cycle, you can consult Dr. Patel.

Ectopic pregnancy

This pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and begins to grow outside of your uterus, typically in the fallopian tube. This disorder is a medical emergency that can cause abnormal bleeding and other serious complications. It can cause vaginal bleeding, which can be heavy or light and occur at irregular intervals, or dark brown bleeding. You may also experience abdominal pain, shoulder pain, dizziness, and fainting. If left untreated, ectopic pregnancy can rupture your fallopian tube and cause internal bleeding, which can be life-threatening.


Endometriosis is a disorder in which the endometrium grows outside your uterus on other organs, such as your ovaries, fallopian tubes, or intestines. This abnormal growth can cause abnormal bleeding in several ways. Firstly, the displaced endometrial tissue can still respond to hormonal changes during your menstrual cycle, leading to bleeding outside your uterus. Secondly, endometriosis can cause scar tissue formation and adhesions, which can interfere with the normal functioning of your reproductive organs, leading to heavy or irregular periods.

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Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are benign masses that develop in your uterine wall. While many women with this condition rarely experience any symptoms, some may experience abnormal uterine bleeding, including heavy bleeding, prolonged periods, or bleeding between periods. Fibroids can change the appearance of your uterus, disrupting the normal pattern of menstrual bleeding or increasing the surface area of the endometrium.


Miscarriage is the termination of a fetus before the 20th week, which can cause abnormal bleeding. The symptoms include heavy bleeding, clots, and cramping. Miscarriage can occur due to chromosomal abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, or problems with your uterus or cervix. Bleeding may be a sign that your body is in the process of miscarrying. It is crucial to seek professional attention promptly to prevent other life-threatening complications.

Problems with an IUD

While IUDs are generally safe and effective, they can sometimes cause abnormal bleeding. For instance, the device can sometimes cause irritation or inflammation of the uterine lining, resulting in bleeding. Additionally, if an IUD is incorrectly inserted properly or has shifted out of place, it can cause bleeding or spotting.

If you experience abnormal bleeding, call Dr. Patel or book your spot online for diagnosis and treatment.

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