Nasal congestion is characterized by a stuffy or blocked nose, making breathing difficult. It can be caused by various factors, including allergies, colds, flu, sinus infections, and even structural abnormalities in the nose. If your symptoms persist or worsen, it is important to seek medical attention since nasal congestion Century City can sometimes be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition.
If you are experiencing nasal congestion, your doctor will first need to evaluate your symptoms and medical history to determine the underlying cause. The doctor may ask you questions about when your symptoms began, how severe they are, and if you have any other symptoms, such as fever, headache, or cough.
During a physical exam, your doctor may examine your nasal passages for signs of inflammation, swelling, or blockage. Your doctor may also check your throat, ears, and lungs to ensure that your symptoms are unrelated to a more serious condition.
Depending on the underlying cause of your nasal congestion, your doctor may recommend various treatment options, including:
- Saline nasal spray: Saline nasal spray is a solution of salt and water that can help to clear the nasal passages by thinning mucus and reducing swelling. Saline nasal sprays are available over the counter and can be used several times daily.
- Nasal decongestants: Nasal decongestants such as pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine work by narrowing the blood vessels in the nasal passages, which reduces swelling and congestion. These medications are available over the counter in pill or nasal spray form. But they can have side effects such as increased heart rate or blood pressure and should be used with caution.
- Antihistamines: Antihistamines can help to reduce swelling and inflammation in the nasal passages caused by allergies.
- Nasal corticosteroids: Nasal corticosteroids such as fluticasone and budesonide are a type of nasal spray that can help to reduce inflammation in the nasal passages. These medications are available by prescription and can take several days to reach their full effect.
- Combination medications: Combination medications such as nasal sprays containing both a decongestant and an antihistamine can effectively treat nasal congestion caused by allergies. These medications are available over the counter or by prescription.
- Surgery: In cases where nasal congestion is caused by structural abnormalities such as a deviated septum or nasal polyps. Surgery may be recommended to correct the issue.
Now that you know the recommended treatment options for nasal congestion. Here are some of the ways to prevent the condition:
- Avoid allergens: If you have allergies, avoid exposure to triggers such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, and mold.
- Practice good hygiene: Wash your hands frequently to avoid catching colds or the flu. And avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Use a humidifier: Dry air can aggravate congestion by irritating the nasal passages. Adding moisture to the air with a humidifier can help with symptom relief.
- Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of fluids can help to thin out mucus and make it easier to expel.
Speaking with Mani H. Zadeh, MD. FACS is recommended before starting any new medication or treatment for nasal congestion. Especially if you have any underlying medical conditions.