Sun rises from the east every day and sets in the west at the end of the day. Almost all year we face sunlight except when there are clouds or rain. The solar panel is capable of converting sunlight into electricity. Solar panels are photovoltaic (PV) panels that consist of mirrors through which they concentrate solar radiation.
The solar energy we get from the sun to generate electricity can be stored in batteries or thermal storage.
Step-By-Step Process of Solar Panel Installation
There are some general questions regarding solar panels to be addressed before coming into the process of solar panel installation.
You can purchase solar panels from your local market or main market. Or, you can find solar energy companies that deal with all kinds of solar panels such as from low quality to high quality, and in a variety of designs. Also, you can order from any online store. Nowadays, you will find solar panels market everywhere.
When it comes to solar panel installation, you can install it on roofs, building tops, grounds, and stand-alone facilities. You can install it anywhere that gets plenty of sun exposure. The more exposure to sunlight the more solar energy you will get. Noontime sun has maximum efficiency, so make the position of your solar panels directly under noontime.
When ready for solar panel installation, remove all obstacles such as branches, sand, or standing anything that can block sunlight from your solar panels.
Solar Panel Mounts Types
Slowly and gradually as the demand for solar energy is rising so is the technological advancement and different styles and designs. There are 3 different types of solar panel mounts: pole mounts, flush mounts, and roof-ground mounts.
Important Things to Do Before Solar Panel Installation
Solar Panels Cost Calculation
Before going to market, measure your area for solar panels and the size and type of system you need. The size and the solar system will tell you the cost of solar panels. You should know that most countries encourage solar panels and offer subsidies because the solar system is renewable energy. And the subsidies vary from country to country.
So, before buying solar panels also get to know the policies of the government regarding solar panels.
Important Solar Panels Equipment
Important equipment you will need for solar panels is solar panels, power inverter, battery, charge controller, and solar energy measurement tool or computer. A ladder, screwdriver set, hammer, and steel nails are somewhat assistance equipment.
Size of the Solar Panel System
Determining the size of the solar system can help to know about the whole cost. For example, battery size, wire size, maximum power battery, and how many solar panels you need are crucial to saving you extra money.
Solar Panel Installation Process
Solar panels are not limited to generating electricity only for homes but also for commercials.
Installation steps are:
As a first step, we need to fix the mounts for the panels. You can choose between roof-ground mounting and flush mounting. A solid base structure will provide stability. It is important to consider where the PV panels will be installed (monocrystalline or polycrystalline).
Similarly, the mounting structure should be slightly tilted. The tilt angle could range from 18 to 36 degrees. Increasing the efficiency of solar panels can often be achieved by using a tracking system.
Install the Solar Panels
Next, the solar panels will be attached to the mounting structure. Bolts and nuts will need to be tightened. A lot of care is taken to ensure that the entire structure is sturdy and lasts for a long time.
Electrical Wiring Connection
The electrical wiring is the next step. Solar panels can be connected with universal connectors like MC4 during wiring since these connectors can be used with all types of solar panels.
There are two types of electrical wiring:
Series Connection– It increases the voltage match between the battery bank and the wiring.
Parallel Connection– Each panel has the same type of wiring voltage.
Connect the Solar Panels to the Solar Inverter
In this system, inverters are made up of two wires: a Positive wire connected to the inverter’s Positive terminal, and a Negative wire connected to its Negative terminal.
Connecting Solar Inverter to Solar Battery
Battery positive is connected with inverter positive, and battery negative is connected with inverter negative. Battery backup is needed in an off-grid solar system.
Solar Inverter to the Grid
Connecting to the main power switchboard requires a normal plug. Electricity is supplied to the home through a connection to the electric board.
Finally, Start Solar Inverter
The inverter switch needs to be turned on by flipping the main switch. Due to technological advancement, solar inverters have a digital display to show you an accurate measurement.
And that’s it! Enjoy renewable energy and be free of any greenhouse gases.